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Ivan Kramskoi (8 iunie 1837 – 24 martie 1887), pictor si critic de arta rus

Ivan Kramskoi - Portrait of an unknown woman

Ivan Kramskoi – Portrait of an unknown woman

Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi, in limba rusa: Иван Николаевич Крамской, (8 iunie 1837 – 24 martie 1887) a fost pictor si critic de arta rus.

Ivan Kramskoi - Self Portrait. 1867

Ivan Kramskoi – Self Portrait. 1867

Ivan Kramskoy a fost liderul intelectual al miscarii artistice rusesti din perioada anilor 1860–1880.
Ivan Kramskoy s-a nascut intro familie neinsemnata si saraca de burghezi. Intre 1857 si 1863 a studiat la Academia de Arta din St. Petersburg; a reactionat impotriva artei academice, fiind initiatorul „revoltei celor patrusprezece” care s-a incheiat cu expulzarea din Academia de arta a absolventilor care au organizat Artelul Artistilor („Артель художников”).

Sub influenta idealurilor democratice revolutionare rusesti, Kramskoi a atras atentia asupra datoriei fata de societate a artistului, asupra principiilor realismului, componentei morale si a unei nationalitati a artei. A devenit unul dintre cei mai importanti fondatori si ideologi ai Companiei de Expozitii mobile de Arta (Peredvizhniki). Intre 1863–1868 a predat la o scoala de desen a unei societati care incuraja artele aplicate. A creat galerii de portrete ale marilor scriitori, oameni de stiinta, artisti si figuri publice din Rusia: (Leo Nikolayevitch Tolstoy, 1873, Ivan Shishkin, 1873, Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, 1876, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, 1879, Sergei Botkin, 1880) in care simplicitatea expresiva a compositiei, claritatea figurii subliniaza caracteristicile profund psihologice. Vederile democrate ale lui Kramskoi si-au gasit cea mai stralucita expresie in portretele de tarani. Pictura fundamentala a lui Kramskoi este „The Christ in desert” (1872, Galeriile Tretyakov).

Galerie de pictura, Ivan Kramskoy

surse poze:

wikipedia
abcgallery

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Ivan Kramskoy ( 8 iunie 1837 – 6 aprilie 1887), pictor rus

Ivan Kramskoy - Self-Portrait

Ivan Kramskoy – Self-Portrait


Ivan Kramskoy - Girl with a Cat. (Portrait of Sophia Kramskaya).JPG

Ivan Kramskoy – Girl with a Cat. (Portrait of Sophia Kramskaya)

Ivan Kramskoy - Ivan Kramskoy Working on Portrait of his Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy – Ivan Kramskoy Working on Portrait of his Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Sophia Ivanovna Kramskoy, daughter of the artist

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Sophia Ivanovna Kramskoy, daughter of the artist

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of the Artist's Wife and Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of the Artist’s Wife and Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy - Sophia Kramskaya Reading

Ivan Kramskoy – Sophia Kramskaya Reading

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Sonya Kramskaya, the Artist's Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Sonya Kramskaya, the Artist’s Daughter

 Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Sophia Kramskaya, the Artist's Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Sophia Kramskaya, the Artist’s Daughter

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Sergey Kramskoy, the Artist's Son, as a Child

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Sergey Kramskoy, the Artist’s Son, as a Child

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of an Unknown Woman, 1883

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of an Unknown Woman, 1883

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorovna in a Head-Dress Decorated with Pearls

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Empress Maria Fyodorovna in a Head-Dress Decorated with Pearls

 Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Maria Fyodorovna, born Princess Dagmar of Denmark , wife of russian tsar Alexander III

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Maria Fyodorovna, born Princess Dagmar of Denmark , wife of russian tsar Alexander III

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of the Artist Konstantin Savitsky

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of the Artist Konstantin Savitsky

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov. 1876

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov. 1876

Ivan Kramskoy - Insulted Jewish Boy

Ivan Kramskoy – Insulted Jewish Boy

 Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Mina Moiseyev

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Mina Moiseyev

 Ivan Kramskoy - Russian Girl in a Blue Shawl

Ivan Kramskoy – Russian Girl in a Blue Shawl

 Ivan Kramskoy - Bee-Keeper

Ivan Kramskoy – Bee-Keeper

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of the painter Ivan Shishkin

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of the painter Ivan Shishkin

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of Actor Alexander Lensky in a Stage Costume

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of Actor Alexander Lensky in a Stage Costume

sursa poze

Ivan Kramskoy - Portrait of painter Ivan Shishkin, 1873

Ivan Kramskoy – Portrait of painter Ivan Shishkin, 1873

Ivan Kramskoy - Christ in the Desert, 1872

Ivan Kramskoy – Christ in the Desert, 1872

Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoy ,in limba rusa: Иван Николаевич Крамской,( 27mai, 1837 – 24 martie, 1887) (Russian: Иван Николаевич Крамской) a fost pictor si critic de arta rus.

Ivan Kramskoy a fost liderul intelectual al miscarii artistice rusesti din perioada anilor 1860–1880.

Ivan Kramskoi (27mai 1837 – 24 martie 1887), pictor rus

Tot in 8 iunie s-au nascut:

Walter Langley (8 iunie 1852 – 21 martie 1922), pictor englez.

Charles Joshua Chaplin(8 iunie 1825 – 30 ianuarie 1891), pictor si gravor francez.

Sir John Everett Millais (8 iunie 1829 – 13 august 1896), pictor englez pre-rafaelit.